open to change
trust and cooperation
12b:strong family tie
146;s original meaning
15a:football of the year of england
16c:managing a football team
20c:taken buy england ?
完形填空21 c 22 d 23 a 24 d 25 a
26 b 27 c 28 d 29 a 30 b
31 a 32 c 33 d 34 b 35 a
36 b 37 b 38 d 39 a 40 c
many theories concerning the causes of juvenile crime focus either on the
individual or on society as the major contributing influence. theories (centering)on the individual suggest that children engage in criminal behavior (BECause)they were not sufficiently penalized for previous delinquent acts or that theyhave learned criminal behavior through (interaction) with others. a person whobecomes socially alienated may be more inclined to commit a criminal act.theories focusing on the role of society in juvenile delinquency suggest that children commit crimes in (response) to their failure to rise above their socioeconomicstatus, (or) as a repudiation of middle-class values.
most theories of juvenile delinquency have focused on children from disadvan
tagged families, (ignoring) the fact that children from affluent homes also commit crimes. thelatter may commit crimes because of the lack of adequate parental control, delays in achieving adult status, and hedonistic endencies. all theories, however, are tentative and are (subject) to criticism.
changes in the american social structure may indirectly (affect) juvenile crime rates. for example, changes in the economy that (lead) to fewer job opportunities for youth